Pigeon pea ( Tur or Arhar)
The pigeon pea is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. pigeon pea are native to India and the latter West Africa. Pigeon pea is a crop resilient to climate changeThe cultivation of Tur or Arhar had been started by 2,800 BCE in peninsular India. Seeds of pigeon pea is also found Egyptian tombs dating back to around 2,200 BCE. About 70% of world production of pigeon pea this production comes from India.
Pigeon peas can be simmered, sautéed, steamed and fried (Dal). Cooked peas can be added to soups, stews, curries, sauces, salads and rice preparations. Pigeon peas contain high levels of protein and the important amino acids methionine, lysine, and tryptophan. Due to its high digestible percentage of protein and carbohydrates, it makes a significant contribution to meeting the nutritional needs of large population.